Monday, August 25, 2014

Our Greatest Invention

I just happened upon this article about a book called 'Shapes for Sounds: Why alphabets look like they do, what has happened to them since printing was invented, why they won't ever change, and how it might have been.'

I haven't read the book yet (I just ordered it), but some of the pictures are so fascinating.

For instance, what if we wrote in blocks of color?



Linguists commonly use charts like this:
(source)
to map sounds that happen in our face:

Extrapolating from those charts, the book shows us this:

Which is really quite cool.

I should have my book in a few days, so I'll check back in when I've had a chance to study it. In the meantime, what do you think? Have any of you read this book? Do you agree that writing is one of mankind's greatest inventions?

Sunday, April 27, 2014

Ghetto, part deux

I did a post on ghetto a while ago, but I just saw this article on NPR and thought you might find it interesting. Enjoy!

Friday, October 5, 2012

Qi

Do you play Scrabble? Or Words With Friends? If so, you know this word, but do you know what it means?

Qi \chee\ , noun;
1. Eastern medicine, martial arts, etc.: Vital energy believed to circulate around the body in currents.

Qi has also been spelled chi or ch'i, depending on which method of Chinese-to-English transcription is in use (qi is pinyin, the others are Wade-Giles). Either way it comes from Chinese 气 (氣), which means "air, breath," and dates to around 1850 in English.

Friday, September 7, 2012

One fell swoop

"Suddenly, in a single action"

I started thinking about this phrase today because I realized I didn't know how to spell the second word. I quickly discovered that the main reason I didn't know how to spell it was because I was mispronouncing it. I always thought it was one foul/fowl swoop. Egg on my face.

So now that we know the correct way to say it (good for you if you've known it all along, smarty pants), the question is: where does it come from?

It is first attested by Shakespeare in Macbeth (1605):
     All my pretty ones?
     Did you say all? O hell-kite! All?
     What, all my pretty chickens and their dam
     At one fell swoop?

The fact that Shakespeare was the first to write it down (that we know of) means one of two things: he coined it or it was an existing slang/idiomatic phrase. Shakespeare is the first attestation of many English words because he wrote very idiomatically, which was a revolutionary idea in his day. He also coined his share of words, but it can be hard to tease out what he invented and what he took from slang of various language groups around him.

Shakespeare's usage of one fell swoop gives up clues as to the origin of the meaning. A kite is a hunting bird, which swoops down to catch its prey. Fell in this context means something different than what Modern English speakers might expect: "fierce, savage, cruel." Over the centuries the sense of "savageness" was lost and we are left with a meaning of "all at once."