1. A substance used as a cosmetic to color the eyelashes and eyebrows
Using mascara goes back much, much further than the 1890's. In ancient Egypt people used kohl to darken their lashes, eyes, and brows as far back as 4000 BCE. Mascara similar to what we use today was developed in the 1800's by a chemist named Eugene Rimmel (sound familiar, ladies?) using a new invention: petroleum jelly. While revolutionary, petroleum jelly mascara was extremely messy and has long since been replaced by oil- and wax-based products.